By definition, artificial insemination is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a woman’s uterus or cervix to achieve pregnancy. Artificial insemination (AI) is a successful fertility treatment in humans.
In the early 1900s, artificial insemination required little more than some healthy sperm and a means to deliver it into a woman’s uterus. Today’s AI procedures involve careful “washing” of the sperm before placement. Artificial insemination also earned a new name – intrauterine insemination, or IUI.