Leading Hypothesis for Miscarriage, Birth Defects Debunked

A long-held belief that chromosome crossovers make older women more likely to experience miscarriage or birth defects may be a thing of the past. Researchers at Washington State University have found there are no differences in the number of chromosome crossovers or connections in female eggs, regardless of the woman’s age.

For half a century, doctors have subscribed to the “production line” hypothesis which holds that the connections between chromosomes are stronger in the eggs of younger women than in those of older women. Decreased connections, called crossovers, in chromosomes were thought to account for increased miscarriage and birth defects in older mothers.

“If the production-line hypothesis was true, you’d expect lots of abnormal cells and you would expect them all to be happening late,” said Ross Rowsey, a doctoral candidate in WSU’s Center for Reproductive Biology. “We do see a pretty high incidence of abnormal cells, but they’re just as likely to be happening early as late.”

In the study, Rowsey and a team of researchers examined 8,000 female eggs and while they found a lot of variation, there was no correlation in the number of crossovers to the woman’s age.

Even so, there are more chromosomal abnormalities in older women’s eggs, but this study indicated they may not be caused by abnormal chromosome crossovers.

“There have to be other factors involved,” Rowsey said in a press release. “The abnormal crossovers can’t be explaining all of it.”

Rowsey said chromosomal problems could surface during the rest period that occurs between the time the egg is created and when it is released during ovulation. Additional study is required to determine if proteins break down during what can be a decades-long rest period, Rowsey said.

Indeed, older mothers frequently seek the assistance of fertility clinics in New York City. Our clinic is a leading New York fertility clinic and experienced a high success rate when it come to IVF and other procedures. To learn more about fertility clinic NYC, contact us today.

Common Reasons for Infertility

If you are having problems conceiving, you’re not alone; about one in every seven couples has difficulty getting pregnant and there’s a number of reasons why. While IVF may be the most common treatment for infertility, it isn’t always the best or most cost effective solution. Below find some of the most common causes of infertility, along with possible treatments:

1. Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a disorder that causes the lining of the uterine cavity to grow in places it’s not supposed to like the bowel, pelvis living or in the abdominal cavity – because the cells keep doing their job. This can cause for problems such as painful bowel movements, heavy periods, and you guessed it, infertility.
Possible Options to Look Into: IUI, IVM, IVF

2. PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome): Aka the silent cause of infertility and one of the most common reasons women don’t ovulate. In the usual process, a women needs to produce and mature eggs in order to conceive a baby. But in a woman with PCOS, this process is disrupted by a hormone imbalance – the eggs never mature and therefore, never release.
Possible Options to Look Into: IVM or IVF/M

3. Varicocele: It’s not you, it’s him. Almost half of men struggling with infertility have Varicoceles, or in laymen terms, when the veins in the spermatic cord are backed up. Not all cases need to be fixed, but if it’s the main reason the two of you are not getting pregnant, weigh out your options!
Possible Options to Look Into: Surgery or Varicocele Embolization

4. Fallopian Tube Blockage: When a women’s fallopian tube is damaged or blocked up, infertility in an end result. This type of infertility, known as the tubal factor infertility, can be caused by a previous surgery, endometriosis or an STD, even years after diagnosis.
Possible Options to Look Into: IVF, IUI or Antibiotics/Surgery

5. Don’t Have Enough Healthy Eggs: Every woman is born with a fixed number of eggs, but as we age, the eggs begin to die off lowering the initial count. In order to optimize the egg count, we need to remain healthy, keep in mind our age and feel out the necessary options to preserve our eggs offered by fertility doctors and clinics.
Possible Options to Look Into: Egg Freezing, Egg Donors, IVM, IVF

If you have questions about conceiving, talk to your doctor – whether it’s your regular OB-GYN or a fertility specialist, they are the best sources for accurate information about fertility. At Neway, we work closely with our patients to develop personalized fertility plans to make sure that no matter what is causing your infertility it is treated in the most healthful and least expensive way.If you are having problems conceiving, you’re not alone; about one in every seven couples has difficulty getting pregnant and there’s a number of reasons why. While IVF may be the most common treatment for infertility, it isn’t always the best or most cost effective solution. Below find some of the most common causes of infertility, along with possible treatments:

1. Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a disorder that causes the lining of the uterine cavity to grow in places it’s not supposed to like the bowel, pelvis living or in the abdominal cavity – because the cells keep doing their job. This can cause for problems such as painful bowel movements, heavy periods, and you guessed it, infertility.
Possible Options to Look Into: IUI, IVM, IVF

2. PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome): Aka the silent cause of infertility and one of the most common reasons women don’t ovulate. In the usual process, a women needs to produce and mature eggs in order to conceive a baby. But in a woman with PCOS, this process is disrupted by a hormone imbalance – the eggs never mature and therefore, never release.
Possible Options to Look Into: IVM or IVF/M

3. Varicocele: It’s not you, it’s him. Almost half of men struggling with infertility have Varicoceles, or in laymen terms, when the veins in the spermatic cord are backed up. Not all cases need to be fixed, but if it’s the main reason the two of you are not getting pregnant, weigh out your options!
Possible Options to Look Into: Surgery or Varicocele Embolization

4. Fallopian Tube Blockage: When a women’s fallopian tube is damaged or blocked up, infertility in an end result. This type of infertility, known as the tubal factor infertility, can be caused by a previous surgery, endometriosis or an STD, even years after diagnosis.
Possible Options to Look Into: IVF, IUI or Antibiotics/Surgery

5. Don’t Have Enough Healthy Eggs: Every woman is born with a fixed number of eggs, but as we age, the eggs begin to die off lowering the initial count. In order to optimize the egg count, we need to remain healthy, keep in mind our age and feel out the necessary options to preserve our eggs offered by fertility doctors and clinics.
Possible Options to Look Into: Egg Freezing, Egg Donors, IVM, IVF

If you have questions about conceiving, talk to your doctor – whether it’s your regular OB-GYN or a fertility specialist, they are the best sources for accurate information about fertility. At Neway, we work closely with our patients to develop personalized fertility plans to make sure that no matter what is causing your infertility it is treated in the most healthful and least expensive way.

Using an Ovulation Calendar to Determine Fertile Days

At our New York Fertility Clinic, we see a lot of couples who need help determining when a woman is most fertile. While there are several methods to predict ovulation, keeping track of an ovulation calendar is the best way to determine the days when she is most likely to get pregnant.

Why? It’s simple. A woman’s best chance for becoming pregnant occurs four to five days before ovulation and ends 24-48 hours after the egg is released. That means she must know when ovulation is occurring so intercourse can be timed appropriately.

What is an ovulation calendar?

This simple formula that lets you know when ovulation is likely to occur, based on the date of your last menstrual period. For most women, ovulation occurs about 14 days from the first day of their period. So, if you start your period on June 1, you can anticipate ovulation to occur around June 14.

That doesn’t mean you are only fertile on June 14. A woman’s most fertile time is four to five days before ovulation until two days after it occurs. Therefore, if you started your period on June 1, your most fertile period would be from June 10 until June 16.

You can determine your fertile period each month using this method. Other natural ways to predict ovulation include:

  • Recording your basal body temperature. Your temperature will steadily rise in the days leading up to ovulation, letting you know when to have intercourse.
  • Observing cervical mucus. Three to five days before ovulation, cervical mucus will become clear and stretchy, indicating the egg is going to be released.
  • Use an over-the-counter ovulation predictor kit. This tool will tell you when LH levels increase, letting you know ovulation will occur two to three days later.

The Neway Clinic is one of the best fertility clinics in New York City. We offer innovative and effective methods to help couples who are experiencing difficulty conceiving a child. Contact us to learn more about our fertility clinic and NYC fertility treatment options.

Understanding Your Test Results: Assessing Male Infertility

After trying unsuccessfully to have a child, many couples are taken aback when they first seek medical treatment at fertility clinics in New York City. A veritable barrage of tests awaits, with unfamiliar terminology in the results. Breaking through the jargon and learning the science beneath can be helpful to understanding your infertility.

What To Expect Before Your Test

At a New York fertility clinic, a thorough assessment can help to diagnose any medical reasons for male infertility. You’ll be asked to provide a complete medical history, discuss any medications or herbal supplements you’re currenting taking, undergo a physical examination, and provide a semen sample. For best results, your fertility doctor may ask you to avoid sexual activity for 2 to 5 days before you provide a semen sample, which increases the reliability of the test. However, it’s wise to engage in sexual activity (anything that results in ejaculation) within two weeks of the test, as periods of abstinence can artificially lower your sperm activity.

Interpreting the Test Results

The exact tests done in a semen analysis depend on the presenting concern and the judgment of your New York fertility doctor. However, common measures include:

  • Volume. This simple test assesses how much semen is produced in a single ejaculation. Too little (under 1.5 to 2 mL) may signal problems with the prostate or testes.
  • Sperm count. In the lab, the number of sperm — the moving reproductive cells in a semen sample — is assessed. Results are typically given in number of sperm per milliliter (mL) of semen. Typical results range from 20 to 40 million/mL.
  • Sperm motility. Simply put, motility refers to how effectively sperm cells can move forward, essential to the successful fertilization of an egg. For an average man, 61% of sperm will show forward movement. Numbers falling below 40% are on the lower end of normal.
  • Sperm morphology. This measurement refers to the percentage of sperm that have a normal shape. Sperm with an abnormal-sized head, two tails, or other structural differences may lower fertility.
  • Fructose level. The level of fructose in semen is a measurement of how healthy the seminal vesicles are. A typical value is greater than 3 mg/mL.
  • pH. Understanding the acidity or basicity of semen can help to diagnose common problems. A normal pH ranges from 7.1 to 8.0, with lower numbers indicating a more acidic sample. Acidic semen may result from blockage of the seminal vesicles, while basic (higher pH) semen may be caused by infection.

Each of these measures alone provides only a partial picture of male fertility. For example, a person could have a low overall sperm count but highly motile sperm that increase likelihood of fertility. Contact Neway Fertility, the fertility clinic NYC residents prefer most, to discuss your results and get the full picture of your reproductive health.

What is Artifical Insemination and is it Right for You?

Artificial insemination is commonly used to describe the clinical treatment called intrauterine insemination or IUI. The procedure is relatively straightforward, simple and can be performed in a New York fertility clinic.

First, an ultrasound is used to gauge the size of ovarian follicles which develop into eggs. A hormone called human Chorionic Gonadotropin is given to the woman to prompt the release of eggs.

Next, the man’s semen sample is treated in a laboratory where the semen is separated from the seminal fluid. Doing this maximizes the number of sperm which are available to fertilize the egg.

Finally , a catheter is inserted into the woman’s uterus where it deposits the “washed” sperm. The process is intended to make it easier for an egg to be fertilized since the sperm doesn’t have to travel as far to reach it.

IUI poses no side effects for man or woman, but she may experience some mild cramping or spotting following the procedure.

Who should consider artifiical insemination?

Artificial insemination is usually recommended to couples who have been trying to conceive for at least a year. Clinical conditions that may warrant IUI at a fertility clinic NYC may include:

  • Unexplained infertility
  • Low sperm count
  • Decreased sperm mobility
  • Use of a donor sperm
  • A cervical condition, such as thick cervical mucus
  • Cervical scar tissue from past procedures or endometriosis
  • Ejaculation dysfunction

According to the American Pregnancy Association, women under the age of 35 have higher success rates than older women. Even so, the overall success rate is between 10-20 percent with one cycle. IUI can be repeated each month when a woman ovulates.

While women don’t have to take medication to prompt ovulation in preparation for IUI, doctors at fertility clinics in New York City may recommend a prescription treatment to boost egg production. In some cases, fertility drugs can help improve the chances of conception through artificial insemination.